Monsoon environments. The horizontal lines enclose the limits of the tropics (general limit of wet evergreen forests) and subtropics (limit of mangroves and swamp forests). It's interesting to compare this map to where annual rainfall occurs: why does Borneo, for example, get consistent rainfall when it is under the rainbelt for so little time?
Green stars show where I have done fieldwork or carried out studies. For reference, red indicates areas where the highest plant biodiversity is found (see e.g. Brummitt et al. 2020).
Drought and flood are critically important extreme events in monsoonal ecosystems.
- Work with SEARRP and GEWEX, and possibly also the new (Sep 2021) WCRP/WWRP International Monsoons Project Office (IMPO) at the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune, India.
- In September 2017 I co-organised the iLEAPS 5th International Science meeting held in Oxford, UK, and co-convened the session on Extreme Events.
- NASA has several programs related to Climate Applications, Air Quality and the Sustainable Development Goals too.
Simon's key science questions for Hydro-JULES from JULES annual meeting 2018:
- How will hydrological systems respond to current and future climate variability, in data-sparse regions under non-stationary conditions?
- Can new observational and modelling techniques improve our understanding of how high-intensity convective precipitation drives flooding?
- How will changes in land-use and land management affect surface permeability, soil water storage, runoff, river flows and flood inundation?
- Can a coupled approach quantify risks of of fluvial, pluvial, coastal and groundwater flooding more effectively?
- How will biogeochemical and nutrient cycles respond to current and future variability in the hydrological cycle, especially under changing climate and land-cover?
- Can assimilation of observed hydrological states and fluxes (e.g., soil moisture and stream flow) improve hydrological and meteorological predictions, and on what time-scales?
- Can uncertainty in large-scale hydrological predictions be attributed to specific hydrological processes in order to target future process-based research?
- What is the sensitivity of Earth system components to changing hydrology (e.g., vegetation, carbon cycle, aerosols, land ice, sea ice, ocean circulation and biogeochemistry).